Framing the Learning is a term used to describe best practice in opening a lesson or unit. Typically done at the beginning of a lesson, Framing the Learning usually includes communicating the mastery objective or learning goals to the students, engaging the students in the essential question, connecting the learning to the big ideas of the unit, going over the agenda and activating students’ prior knowledge.
Tips & Tricks
- Mastery Objectives & Essential Questions: Post or write the mastery objectives, essential questions and the lesson agenda in the same place everyday. If students come in late, they can quickly check the MO, EQ, and agenda and be brought up to speed on today’s lesson without disrupting the learning process of other students. This also eliminates the need for the, “what are we doing today?” question.
- Difficult Essential Question: If the unit EQ is complex or contains difficult language, create your own essential questions that provides scaffolding towards the actual essential question. Remember the EQs typically begin How, Why, or To what extent, are open-ended, and should reflect the big ideas of the unit. Refer to the question often and provide multiple examples. For more information on how to use the lesson Essential question, see Classrooms in Focus-Essential Questions.
- Planning: When planning this portion of your lesson or unit, think deeply about the background knowledge and language the students will need in order to begin the learning process. It may be necessary to front-load content or vocabulary to all or some of your students prior to beginning the lesson.
- Discourse: Always provide your students with opportunities to talk during Framing the Learning. Students may discuss their answers to the essential questions or chat with their neighbors to surface prior knowledge about the subject or big idea.
- ACPS Curriculum: The ACPS Curriculum contains a wealth of information that will help you Frame the Learning in your classroom. To learn more about the reformatted curriculum, watch our Curriculum Video
Tools & Templates
- ACPS Lesson Plan Template: The ACPS revised lesson plan template specifically provides guidance on Framing the Learning
- Classrooms in Focus- Explicit Instruction
- Classrooms in Focus-Essential Questions
- Coach’s Cut- Do Now Activator
- Coach’s Cut- Gradual Release Model
- Coach’s Cut- Framing the Learning (alternative primary)
Anchoring the Learning is a term used to describe best practice in closing or summarizing the learning at the end of a lesson or unit. During Anchoring the Learning teachers revisit the mastery objective and essential question and guide students to reflect on their learning.
Tips & Tricks
- Return to the Essential Question: As well as discussing student’s success with the mastery objective, students should have a chance to revisit, discuss and/or write about the essential question. Teachers may want to hone in on any changes in student thinking about the essential question due to the lesson’s learning, or track changes in thinking over time. For more information on how to use the lesson Essential question, see Classrooms in Focus-Essential Questions.
- Exit Ticket: Having students complete an exit ticket during Anchoring the Learning is also best practice. A quick exit ticket is concrete evidence of student learning that can help teachers create differentiated learning groups or plan for future instruction.
- Student Language: Make sure the mastery objective and essential question are in student friendly language so that students truly understand what the lesson objective was and are accurately able to judge their success with it.
- Space: It’s good practice to Anchor the Learning from the same place in your classroom. Bringing students back to the rug or carpet, or to the same space that the lesson was framed is a concrete way of reminding students of the lesson’s flow.
- Student Driven Reflection: Journaling or reflecting about their personal success with the lesson’s mastery objective is a great way for students to track their learning over time.
Tools & Templates